Indonesian Journal of Innovation Studies <div id="journalDescription">Indonesian Journal of Innovation Studies (IJINS) is a peer-reviewed journal published by Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo four times a year. This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.This journal aims is to provide a place for academics and practitioners to publish original research and review articles. The articles basically contains any topics concerning new innovation on all aspects. IJINS is available in online version. Language used in this journal is Indonesia or English.</div> Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo en-US Indonesian Journal of Innovation Studies 2598-9936 <p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="" alt=""></a></p> Optimizing Foundations: The Case for Slab Selection in Multi-Story Residential Buildings <p>This study investigates the optimal foundation design for multi-story residential buildings through a comparative analysis of two foundation variants under specific geological conditions. Employing the finite element method via SCAD software, we assessed the structural integrity and load-bearing capacities of the foundation options. Material consumption was quantified for each variant, and the consistency of settling calculations for the slab foundation was evaluated. The results indicated that the slab foundation not only minimizes material usage but also simplifies design complexity according to normative standards. Based on technical and economic assessments, the slab foundation is recommended as the most cost-effective and structurally efficient option for such construction projects. This research provides a pivotal foundation design perspective that could influence future architectural and engineering practices in residential building construction.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>SCAD software validates foundation integrity via finite element analysis.</li> <li>Slab foundations offer superior cost and material efficiency.</li> <li>Simplifies design, enhancing construction process efficiency.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Structural Integrity, Slab Foundation, Reinforcement, Monolith, Building</p> Saktaganova Nargul Uderbayev Saken Zhapakhova Akmaral Zhakapbayeva Gulnaz Aben Gulaina Yespenbetova Alina Copyright (c) 2024 Saktaganova Nargul, Uderbayev Saken, Zhapakhova Akmaral, Zhakapbayeva Gulnaz, Aben Gulaina, Yespenbetova Alina 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1067 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1067 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1067 Advancements in Expanded Clay Manufacturing Using "Clay-Desert Sand-Oil Sludge" Sludge Composite Materials <p>This study explores the development of resource-saving expanded clay technology utilizing underutilized clay raw materials and oil extraction waste. Traditional expanded clay production is energy-intensive and often employs high-quality clay; however, our research identifies technological modes and parameters for producing expanded clay through plastic molding, incorporating substandard raw materials and oil sludge. This method eliminates the need for costly energy-releasing additives and reduces energy costs associated with drying and firing by 25-30%. The research aims to demonstrate the feasibility of this novel production technique in the Republic of Kazakhstan, considering the local availability of raw materials, energy resources, and regional demand for thermal insulation materials in industrial and civil construction. Our findings suggest that integrating 'Desert Sand-Oil Sludge' into the batch composition can effectively produce granulated porous thermal insulation material, aligning with the region's development strategy and offering significant economic and environmental benefits.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Resource Utilization: Uses oil waste and substandard clay to produce expanded clay, reducing reliance on high-quality materials.</li> <li>Energy Savings: Cuts energy costs for production by 25-30% through innovative processing.</li> <li>Regional Benefit: Aligns with Kazakhstan's strategy by utilizing local resources and supporting construction needs.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Expanded Clay, Oil Sludge, Desert Sand</p> Narmanova Roza Abdibekovna Copyright (c) 2024 Rosa Narmanova 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1068 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1068 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1068 Global Industrial Efficiency Revolutionized by Automated Lathe <p>The implementation of an automatic lathe, utilizing hydraulic drive and PLC programming, stands as a significant advancement in industrial engineering aimed at augmenting productivity while circumventing additional labor requirements. Through meticulous research, it was discerned that the predominant issue plaguing the production process was the occurrence of stoppages due to irregular or unstable dimensions in the output, particularly concerning the Item Bush K0JA Left. Employing methodologies such as SIPOC analysis and the 4M framework revealed that the root cause primarily stemmed from machine-related factors, exacerbated by fluctuations in the installation, resulting in misalignments and subsequent dimension inaccuracies. Addressing this, a targeted intervention involving the addition of locking bolts to the material fixture mitigated the stoppage occurrences significantly, with the operator rectifying positioning irregularities on average 1200 minutes per month. This intervention not only enhanced operational efficiency but also yielded tangible cost savings, amounting to Rp 578,000 monthly or Rp 6,936,000 annually, attributed to the prevention of production downtime. The implications of this study underscore the importance of proactive measures in streamlining manufacturing processes, thereby optimizing resource utilization and economic viability. Further research avenues could delve into the optimization of maintenance protocols for automated machinery and the exploration of advanced sensor technologies to preemptively detect dimensional inconsistencies, thus bolstering overall production resilience and efficacy.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Advanced machinery integration boosts manufacturing efficiency.</li> <li>Root cause analysis reveals process optimization insights.</li> <li>Cost savings demonstrate practical impact of production enhancements.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Automatic lathe, Industrial engineering, Productivity enhancement, Dimensional accuracy, Cost savings</p> Fatori Rokhman A'rasy Fahruddin Copyright (c) 2024 Fatori Rokhman, A'rasy Fahruddin 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1119 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1119 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1119 SLP Method Boosts Production Efficiency by 16% in Indonesia <p>The study on improving the facility layout at CV. Surya Mega Yokasa demonstrated that the Systematic Layout Planning (SLP) method significantly enhances the efficiency of the production process, with a total reduction in material displacement distance by 13.45 meters and an efficiency increase of 16%. These findings imply that careful consideration of workflow and qualitative factors in layout planning can markedly optimize production flow and reduce congestion. However, the study did not factor in the Material Handling Costs (MHC), suggesting that future research should integrate MHC analysis to provide a more comprehensive evaluation of layout effectiveness and further optimize production efficiency.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Efficiency Boost: SLP reduced displacement by 13.45m, increasing efficiency by 16%.</li> <li>Improved Workflow: SLP method improved production flow, reducing congestion.</li> <li>Future Focus: Include Material Handling Costs for better layout evaluation.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Systematic Layout Planning, Blocplan, Production Efficiency, Material Flow, Facility Layout</p> Dewi Fortuna Kusuma Atikha Sidhi Cahyana Copyright (c) 2024 Dewi Fortuna Kusuma , Atikha Sidhi Cahyana 2024-04-18 2024-04-18 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1123 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1123 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1123 Efficiency Comparison CRAFT vs. SLP Methods in Production Optimization <p>The research conducted at PT. Carma Wira Jatim aimed to optimize the production area layout due to significant challenges stemming from machine delays and material handling inefficiencies. Through systematic layout planning (SLP) and computerized relative allocation of facilities technique (CRAFT), the study proposed improved layouts using Win QSB software. The results indicated differing efficiencies between the CRAFT and SLP methods, with CRAFT demonstrating a 4.5% reduction in total material handling moments compared to the initial layout, suggesting its superiority in this context. These findings underscore the importance of efficient layout design in mitigating production delays and enhancing operational effectiveness. Further research could explore real-time optimization algorithms to adapt layouts dynamically and investigate the impact of layout improvements on overall productivity and resource utilization.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Improved layout design enhances production efficiency.</li> <li>CRAFT demonstrates superior material handling optimization.</li> <li>SLP offers systematic planning for layout enhancement.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Production Layout Optimization, SLP, CRAFT, Material Handling Efficiency, Operational Effectiveness</p> Mohammad Misbahul Auliyak Athika Sindhi Cahyana Copyright (c) 2024 Mohammad Misbahul Auliyak , Athika Sindhi Cahyana 2024-04-18 2024-04-18 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1124 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1124 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1124 Optimizing Work Efficiency by Addressing Operator Fatigue Concerns <p>The study conducted at PT. Tjiwi Kimia aimed to assess the fatigue criteria and mental load experienced by production operators of cartoon box in the context of the company's 3-shift operation. Using the Bourdon Wiersma method for fatigue evaluation and the NASA TLX method for mental load analysis, findings revealed varying levels of fatigue and mental burden across different shifts. Notably, the morning shift exhibited "Good enough" speed fatigue but "Doubtful" accuracy fatigue, while the night shift showed "Enough" consistency fatigue. Furthermore, the mental burden was highest during the night shift, categorized as "High." These findings underscore the importance of addressing shift-related fatigue and mental load in industrial settings. Recommendations for implementing 3-shift rotations with weekends off and providing short breaks reflect potential strategies to mitigate worker fatigue and improve overall well-being. Future research could explore additional factors influencing worker fatigue and mental load, such as ergonomic interventions or technological advancements in production processes.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Shift Work Effects: Assessing fatigue and mental load in industrial settings.</li> <li>Evaluation Methods: Bourdon Wiersma and NASA TLX for worker analysis.</li> <li>Improvement Suggestions: Implementing 3-shift rotations and providing breaks.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:</strong> Fatigue, Mental Load, Production Operators, Shift Work, Industrial Setting</p> Mochamad Sofwan Agil Boy Isma Putra Copyright (c) 2024 Mochamad Sofwan Agil, Boy Isma Putra 2024-04-18 2024-04-18 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1125 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1125 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1125 Fuzzy Logic Optimizes Global Inventory Management <p>Inventory control is crucial for balancing customer demand and inventory levels, especially in make-to-order production systems like those in refrigeration manufacturing. This study addresses the challenges faced by a company producing sandwich panels, where inefficiencies in inventory processing led to overstock and outstock issues. By applying the fuzzy inventory control method using Python, the study aimed to optimize inventory levels. The results showed a 6% reduction in inventory, from 191,307 m² to 182,619.4627 m², demonstrating the method's effectiveness. This approach can improve inventory management in similar industrial settings, aligning production with demand and reducing excess inventory.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Efficiency Boost: Fuzzy logic optimizes inventory, minimizing overstock and outstock.</li> <li>Precise Management: Python aids accurate inventory analysis for informed decisions.</li> <li>Cost Savings: Aligning inventory with demand reduces excess, enhancing profitability.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Inventory control, Fuzzy logic, Optimization, Production management, Industrial engineering</p> Dewi Nur Atika Tedjo Sukmono Copyright (c) 2024 Dewi Nur Atika, Tedjo Sukmono 2024-04-21 2024-04-21 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1131 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1131 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1131 Enhancing SS 400 Metal Weld Quality through Current Optimization <p>This study investigates the impact of varying welding electric current strengths (70 A, 100 A, and 130 A) on SS 400 metal welding using Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) with an E6013 electrode. The aim is to identify the optimal current strength for minimizing defects and enhancing weld quality. Liquid penetrant testing is employed to detect welding defects, with results showing that excessively low or high current strengths result in increased defects, such as holes and red spots. The findings highlight the importance of utilizing an electric current around 100 A to achieve optimal weld quality, while liquid penetrant testing proves effective for defect detection and quality assessment, aiding in early prevention of corrosion and other issues in welding processes.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Optimizing Welding Parameters: Essential for minimizing defects and enhancing SS 400 metal weld quality.</li> <li>Effective Defect Detection: Liquid penetrant testing aids in identifying welding flaws efficiently.</li> <li>Enhanced Weld Quality: Utilizing optimal electric current strength improves weld integrity effectively.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Welding, SS 400 metal, Shielded Metal Arc Welding, Electric current, Liquid penetrant testing</p> Risvanda Amin Sudrajat Ali Akbar Copyright (c) 2024 Risvanda Amin Sudrajat , Ali Akbar 2024-04-22 2024-04-22 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1134 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1134 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1134 Revolutionizing lathe efficiency by bridging theory-practice gaps <p>This study explores the development of a Ball Turning Attachment for lathes to enhance efficiency in manufacturing spherical workpieces. Utilizing materials such as ST 37 and ST 42, the research focuses on the machining processes of milling, drilling, and turning. Despite theoretical estimations suggesting a total work time of 8 minutes 23 seconds, actual implementation records a duration of 12 minutes 23 seconds, highlighting a significant knowledge gap. Experimental procedures conducted in lathe workshops reveal discrepancies between theoretical and actual work times, influenced by factors like feed depth and manual drilling processes. Findings underscore the importance of optimizing tool design and feed rates to improve machining efficiency, offering practical insights for enhancing lathe manufacturing processes and productivity.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>Develop Ball Turning Attachment for lathe manufacturing efficiency.</li> <li>Address discrepancies between theoretical and actual work times.</li> <li>Extract practical insights for enhancing lathe manufacturing processes.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong>&nbsp; Lathe manufacturing, Ball Turning Attachment, Machining efficiency, Tool optimization, Experimental procedures</p> Angga Bagus Styo Budi Mulyadi Mulyadi Copyright (c) 2024 Angga Bagus Styo Budi, Mulyadi Mulyadi 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1117 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1117 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1117 DFA Analysis Revolutionizes FSAE Steering, Enhancing Efficiency in Automotive Design <p>In the dynamic realm of automotive engineering, particularly in Formula Society of Automotive Engineers (FSAE) racing, where vehicle assessment is based on efficiency, motor power, chassis dynamics, and steering, there exists a notable focus on steering system design. This research delves into the conceptualization and component development aimed at aiding automotive mechanics in crafting steering systems for FSAE race cars. Employing Solid Edge 2021 software, the study utilizes the Design of Assembly (DFA) analysis method to streamline the mechanical process. Through DFA analysis, the study assesses various Technical Attributes (TAs) of the steering system, revealing values ranging from 0.548 to 1.765. The ideal steering system ensures that the desired steering input by the driver aligns with the output motion of the vehicle, known as the Ackerman condition. Steering gear mechanisms translate rotational motion into translation and adjust the effort applied to the steering linkage. The study's findings contribute to the advancement of steering system design in FSAE vehicles, emphasizing ergonomic considerations and the utilization of advanced software tools like Catia and Solid Edge 2021 for enhanced performance and safety.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>FSAE steering: DFA analysis enhances design efficiency for racing vehicles.</li> <li>Software aid: Solid Edge 2021 streamlines FSAE steering system development.</li> <li>Ergonomic focus: Design prioritizes driver comfort and vehicle performance optimization.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>FSAE vehicles, Steering system design, DFA analysis, Solid Edge 2021, Ergonomics</p> Mukhammad Isa Kurniawan Mulyadi Copyright (c) 2024 Mukhammad Isa Kurniawan, Mulyadi 2024-05-16 2024-05-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1116 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1116 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1116 Revolutionizing Fuel Efficiency with Optimal Octane Mixtures <p>Increasing the octane value of fuel can significantly improve engine performance and efficiency. This study explores mixing fuels with different octane ratings to achieve a desired balance of high octane and cost-effectiveness. Fuels with octane numbers 82, 86, 92, and 96 were mixed in various ratios (30%, 50%, 70%) of premium, pertalite, pertamax, and pertamax turbo. Results showed that mixtures like premium and pertalite (octane 85) and premium and pertamax turbo (octane 93) effectively increased octane levels. The study concludes that mixing fuels can enhance octane values and optimize fuel composition for better performance and cost efficiency. Future research could further explore various fuel types and ratios.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Mixing fuels increases octane rating and engine performance.</li> <li>Optimal fuel composition balances high octane and cost-effectiveness.</li> <li>Significant results with premium and pertamax turbo mixture.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard: </strong>Octane Rating, Fuel Mixing, Engine Performance, Fuel Efficiency, Cost-Effective Fuel</p> Mundir Ainun Ibrahim Ali Akbar Copyright (c) 2024 Mundir Ainun Ibrahim, Ali Akbar 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1118 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1118 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1118 Optimal Preheating Boosts Aluminium Weld Strength <p>Based on the conducted research, it is concluded that preheating has a significant impact on the tensile strength of welded aluminium 5083. Specifically, preheating at 40°C resulted in the highest ultimate tensile strength of 304.535 MPa, representing an 8.748% increase compared to the non-preheated specimen's 301.894 MPa. Conversely, preheating at 80°C led to a notable decline in tensile strength to 253.521 MPa, a decrease of 16.023%. These findings imply that moderate preheating can enhance the weld quality of aluminium 5083, while excessive preheating adversely affects it. This underscores the importance of optimizing preheating temperatures in welding processes to achieve desired mechanical properties. Further research is recommended to explore the underlying mechanisms affecting tensile strength at various preheating temperatures and to investigate the effects of preheating on other aluminium alloys.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Preheating at 40°C improves tensile strength by 8.748%.</li> <li>Excessive preheating at 80°C decreases tensile strength by 16.023%.</li> <li>Optimal preheating temperature crucial for weld quality in aluminium 5083.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Aluminium 5083, Preheating, Tensile Strength, Welding, SMAW</p> Rizky Putra Ronal Diyanto Ali Akbar Copyright (c) 2024 Rizky Putra Ronal Diyanto , Ali Akbar 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1120 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1120 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1120 Automated Rain-Sensing Window Closure Redefines Home Comfort <p>The research on the design and development of an automatic window covering system using a rain sensor presents significant findings and implications. Through the integration of innovative technologies like the rain sensor and direct current motor GW4632-370, the system effectively responds to weather changes by automatically closing windows when it rains, thereby preventing water ingress into indoor spaces. The study's findings underscore the feasibility and practicality of implementing such systems to enhance convenience and protect interior spaces from adverse weather conditions. Moreover, the successful creation of a 3D window frame design and the establishment of the electrical current circuit demonstrate the potential for broader applications in smart home and office automation. However, further research is warranted to optimize the system's efficiency, explore alternative power sources, and assess its long-term durability and reliability in real-world settings.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Integration of rain sensor: Enables automatic window closure during rain.</li> <li>Utilization of smart home technology: Enhances convenience and weather protection.</li> <li>Development of electrical circuit: Facilitates seamless operation and energy efficiency.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Automatic window covering, Rain sensor, Smart home technology, Electrical circuit, Weather-responsive system</p> Asegaf Al A’roof Iswanto Iswanto Copyright (c) 2024 Asegaf Al A’roof , Iswanto Iswanto 2024-05-18 2024-05-18 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1122 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1122 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1122 Enhanced Efficiency of Tesla Turbines with Variable Disc Configurations in Indonesia <p>The rapid development of technology increases the demand for energy while non-renewable sources decline. This study explores the Tesla turbine, which converts fluid energy into mechanical energy using circular discs stacked with specific gaps. We tested three configurations with 4, 6, and 8 discs, each 0.3 mm thick, at Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo. Using direct observation, experimental testing, and literature review, we measured turbine performance with a digital tachometer and spring scale. Results showed that modifying the disc number effectively influenced energy output, offering insights for enhancing Tesla turbine efficiency as a renewable energy solution.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Tesla turbine converts fluid energy to mechanical using circular discs.</li> <li>Tested configurations: 4, 6, and 8 discs, each 0.3 mm thick.</li> <li>Study offers insights into enhancing Tesla turbine efficiency</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Tesla Turbine, Energy Conversion, Fluid Dynamics, Renewable Energy, Disc Configuration</p> Abdul Rosyid A’rasy Fahruddin Copyright (c) 2024 Abdul Rosyid, A’rasy Fahruddin 2024-04-22 2024-04-22 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1140 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1140 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1140 IOT Soft Starter Revolutionizes Single-Phase Induction Motor Control <p>Induction motors often face issues with large initial currents that can disrupt networks and damage the motors. This study designs a soft starter for single-phase induction motors using an IoT-based Arduino Uno system to regulate initial current surges and enable remote monitoring via the Blynk App. The system uses the AC Light Dimmer module controlled by Arduino Uno and Wemos D1 Mini microcontrollers, with the PZEM-004T sensor detecting current and voltage. Experimental results showed a significant reduction in initial current, averaging 0.48 A and 201.90 V within 10 seconds. Additionally, the system allows for monitoring from up to 16 km away using an Android smartphone, providing an effective solution for managing induction motor performance and ensuring reliable operation.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Renewable technology for controlling single-phase induction motor initial current.</li> <li>Software and system flowcharts illustrate IoT-based motor control.</li> <li>Significant reduction in initial current demonstrated in induction motor testing.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Induction Motors, Soft Starter, IOT, Arduino Uno, Remote Monitoring.</p> Moh Hadiyatulloh Arief Wisaksono Copyright (c) 2024 Moh Hadiyatulloh, Arief Wisaksono 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1115 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1115 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1115 Solar Tracker Enhances Energy Yield by Over 35% <p>The escalating demand for electricity, coupled with Indonesia's commitment to expanding renewable energy sources, particularly solar power, underscores the necessity for innovative approaches in optimizing solar energy utilization. This paper addresses the deficiency in traditional fixed-angle solar panels, which fail to harness solar energy efficiently due to their inability to track the sun's movement. Through a comprehensive study utilizing literature review and system design, this research aims to develop an advanced solar tracker system to enhance energy production. The proposed solar tracker employs a scanning method to adjust panel orientation every hour, ensuring optimal sunlight absorption throughout the day. The methodology encompasses literature review, system design, and partial testing to evaluate sensor functionality, battery charging circuit, real-time clock module, and stepper motor driver. Results indicate that the solar tracker system increases electricity generation by 35.53% compared to fixed-angle panels, demonstrating its efficacy in maximizing solar energy utilization. Furthermore, the system's ability to adapt to changing weather conditions underscores its potential for practical implementation in renewable energy initiatives, thereby contributing to sustainable energy development.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Energy boost: Solar tracker increases electricity generation by 35.53%.</li> <li>Adaptive design: Scans hourly for optimal sunlight absorption.</li> <li>Practicality: Suitable for real-world renewable energy applications.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Solar tracker, Renewable energy, Energy optimization, System design, Electrical efficiency</p> Muhammad Zum’an Azmi Syamsudduha Syahrorini Izza Anshory Shazana Dhiya Ayuni Copyright (c) 2024 Muhammad Zum’an Azmi , Syamsudduha Syahrorini, Izza Anshory , Shazana Dhiya Ayuni 2024-04-22 2024-04-22 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1137 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1137 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1137 Revolutionizing Distance Measurement with Arduino Nano <p>This study addresses the need for a practical, fast, and accurate digital meter by developing an Arduino Nano-based infrared laser distance sensor. Using the Research and Development (R&amp;D) method, the system was designed with block diagrams, flowcharts, hardware layouts, and software programming. The device can measure distances from 5 cm to 55 meters and accurately assess non-transparent objects. However, it struggles with transparent objects and bright light sources. These results demonstrate the meter's efficiency and suggest areas for further improvement.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Measurement Range: Measures distances from 5 cm to 55 meters.</li> <li>Accuracy Limitations: Struggles with transparent objects and bright lights.</li> <li>Efficiency: Accelerates measurement process and displays results digitally.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard: </strong>Digital meter, Arduino Nano, Infrared sensor, Distance Measurement, Laser technology</p> Mochamad Hasyim Akhmad Ahfas Copyright (c) 2024 Mochamad Hasyim, Akhmad Ahfas 2024-04-22 2024-04-22 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1138 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1138 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1138 Automated Precision Paper Counting with Seamless Data Transmission <p>The integration of automation in the printing industry has revolutionized processes, yet manual calculations persist in centers like Aslaka, managed by Electrical Engineering Laboratory Assistants, leading to inaccuracies and opacity in pricing. This study aims to address this gap by developing an automated pricing device, ensuring precision and transparency in paper quantity and total cost determination. Utilizing research and development methodology, comprehensive testing of IR sensors and IoT-based data transmission was conducted to guarantee reliability. Findings demonstrate successful paper detection by IR sensors at 2 cm and 3 cm distances, with sensor readings accurately displayed on a 20x4 I2C LCD screen. Data transmission to Google Sheets via Pushingbox API exhibited exceptional accuracy, achieving consistent 100% matching. This innovation enhances efficiency and transparency in pricing, offering significant implications for the printing industry's advancement.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Development Method: Utilizes research and development for comprehensive testing and reliability.</li> <li>Sensor Precision: IR sensors accurately detect paper at varying distances.</li> <li>Data Transmission: IoT enables seamless data transfer to Google Sheets.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Automation, Printing Industry, IR Sensors, Transparent Pricing, IoT</p> Sutasoma Anggoro Letlora Syamsudduha Syahrorini Copyright (c) 2024 Sutasoma Anggoro Letlora, Syamsudduha Syahrorini 2024-04-22 2024-04-22 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1139 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1139 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1139 Consumer-Driven Product Innovation Revolutionizes Indonesia's Snack Industry <p>The research on consumer preferences for Sam Agung's tempe mendoan and spicy stuffed tofu products reveals significant insights into the desired product attributes. The conjoint analysis indicates that consumers prefer tempe mendoan with a slightly salty savory taste, a non-pungent aroma, a large shape, a soft texture, a half-cooked maturity level, paper box packaging, and a small logo. For spicy stuffed tofu, the preferred attributes include a sweet spicy taste, a non-pungent aroma, a round shape, a crispy texture, a mature maturity level, paper box packaging, and a small logo. These findings suggest that Sam Agung should consider these attributes for product improvement to align with consumer preferences, potentially enhancing customer satisfaction and sales. The importance values highlight critical attributes like the logo, shape, and maturity level for tempe mendoan, and taste, logo, and maturity level for spicy stuffed tofu. Future research could expand the sample size and explore additional product attributes or different market segments to further refine these insights and support broader applicability.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Consumer Preferences: Identified key attributes for tempe mendoan and spicy stuffed tofu.</li> <li>Conjoint Analysis: Used to determine and prioritize consumer preferences.</li> <li>Product Improvement: Suggested enhancements to better meet consumer demands.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard: </strong>Consumer Preferences, Conjoint Analysis, Tempe Mendoan, Spicy Stuffed Tofu, Product Improvement</p> Fajar Ibnu Mubarok Ribangun Bamban Jakaria Copyright (c) 2024 Fajar Ibnu Mubarok, Ribangun Bamban Jakaria 2024-04-20 2024-04-20 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1126 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1126 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1126 Indonesia's Breakthrough in Efficient Shellfish Cleaning Transforms Seafood Industry <p>This research aims to design an efficient cleaning tool for bloody cockles to help business actors meet high demand with limited production systems. Conducted in Sidoarjo, data was collected from literature, government reports, and interviews with local business actors, revealing that manual processing of 50 kg of cockles takes 6-8 hours. Using the morphological method, several design concepts were evaluated for maintenance ease, performance, safety, and durability. The selected design (concept 3) showed the highest efficiency with a 37.5% score. This tool is expected to reduce cleaning time and improve outcomes, enhancing productivity and quality in the seafood processing industry.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Efficient Design: Reduces cleaning time from 6-8 hours significantly.</li> <li>High Demand: Meets increased consumer demand with limited resources.</li> <li>Optimal Concept: Concept 3 excels in maintenance, safety, and efficiency.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:</strong> Bloody Cockles, Cleaning Tool, Morphological Method, Efficiency, Seafood Processing</p> Ari Rio De Setiawan Ribangun Bamban Jakaria Indah Apriliana Sari Tedjo Sukmono Copyright (c) 2024 Ari Rio De Setiawan, Ribangun Bamban Jakaria, Indah Apriliana Sari , Tedjo Sukmono 2024-04-22 2024-04-22 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1133 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1133 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1133 Exposing Discrepancies in Indonesia's Legislative Processes <p>This study critically examines the application of Indonesia’s Law Number 12 of 2011, which governs legislative processes with principles aimed at ensuring clarity, justice, and accountability. Utilizing a normative research method, the analysis synthesizes relevant literature and legal documents to explore the practical implementation of these principles. The findings reveal significant discrepancies between the theoretical framework and its practical execution, suggesting that while the law establishes a robust basis for legislation, its effectiveness is hindered by gaps in application. This research underscores the need for policy refinement and offers actionable insights for enhancing the functionality and integrity of legal systems globally.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Theory vs. Practice Gap: Reveals discrepancies between legislative principles and their real-world application.</li> <li>Legal Framework Effectiveness: Discusses how implementation gaps impact legal integrity.</li> <li>Policy Improvement Suggestions: Provides recommendations for enhancing legislative processes.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Policy Implementation, Legal Integrity, Principles, Concepts, Legislation</p> Faidhul Mannan Isvandiar Muhammad Ramzy Dominikus Rato Fendi Setyawan Copyright (c) 2024 Faidhul Mannan, Isvandiar Muhammad Ramzy, Dominikus Rato, Fendi Setyawan 2024-04-22 2024-04-22 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1069 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1069 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1069 Legal Foundations and Inequities in Indonesian Autonomy <p>This study examines the effectiveness of Indonesia's regional autonomy laws—Law Number 22 of 1999, Law Number 32 of 2004, Law Number 23 of 2014, and Law Number 5 of 2014—highlighting the challenges of inter-regional inequality, conflicts of interest, and resource limitations. Employing qualitative analysis of legal documents and secondary data, the research identifies critical gaps in the legislation that hinder equitable development across regions. It proposes legal reforms to strengthen the governance system, aiming to enhance fairness and effectiveness in regional autonomy, thereby ensuring a more balanced national development.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:<br></strong></p> <ul> <li>Legal Gaps: Current laws insufficiently address inter-regional inequalities and conflicts.</li> <li>Reform Necessity: Legal reforms are crucial for effective resource distribution and conflict management.</li> <li>National Impact: Improved laws can enhance national unity and regional governance.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Regional Autonomy, Legal Analysis, Inequality, Conflict Resolution, Policy Reform&nbsp;</p> Abd. Umam Dwi Savedo Yusuf Dominikus Rato Fendi Setyawan Copyright (c) 2024 Abd. Umam, Dwi Savedo Yusuf, Dominikus Rato, Fendi Setyawan 2024-04-22 2024-04-22 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1070 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1070 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1070 Global Impact of Breach of Good Faith in Insurance Contracts <p>This study explores the principle of utmost good faith (itikad baik) in insurance contracts, which mandates full and honest disclosure by all parties to prevent agreement nullification. Despite its critical importance, the enforcement and consequences of breaches are poorly documented, particularly regarding legal outcomes and claims processes. Through normative legal research utilizing primary and secondary sources, this research examines the implications of such breaches and suggests regulatory enhancements. Key findings indicate breaches can lead to contract cancellation, claim denial, or legal actions. The study highlights the necessity of regulatory improvements and increased notarial involvement to ensure equitable and transparent insurance practices.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Critical Role of Disclosure: Utmost good faith requires complete honesty from all parties in insurance contracts.</li> <li>Consequences of Breach: Violations can lead to severe outcomes like contract termination and denied claims.</li> <li>Need for Regulation: Suggests stronger legal frameworks and notarial oversight to ensure fairness and transparency.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Utmost Good Faith, Insurance Contracts, Legal Implications, Regulatory Enhancements, Notarial Involvement</p> Delsa Wahyu Nugraha Fendi Setyawan Iwan Rachmad Soetijono Copyright (c) 2024 Delsa Wahyu Nugraha, Fendi Setyawan , Iwan Rachmad Soetijono 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1074 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1074 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1074 Fusing SVR with PSO Improves E-commerce Sales Prediction with 8.98% MAPE <p>This study explores the integration of Support Vector Regression (SVR) with Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) to forecast clothing product sales at Nara Gallery Collection Boutique, addressing the challenge of achieving high forecast accuracy in e-commerce. Through literature review, direct observation, and interviews with a textile SME owner, SVR parameters are optimized using PSO. Results indicate a Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE) value of 8.98% with optimized parameters (C = 34.3642, ε = 0.0110, σ = 0.3677, cLR = 0.1062, λ = 0.0117), enhancing decision-making in inventory management and strategic planning for e-commerce businesses. This research highlights the potential of integrating SVR with PSO for accurate sales forecasting and suggests avenues for further exploration in alternative forecasting methods and optimization techniques.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Enhanced Forecasting Accuracy: SVR and PSO integration improves e-commerce sales predictions.</li> <li>Parameter Optimization: PSO optimizes SVR parameters, reducing Mean Absolute Percentage Error.</li> <li>Strategic Inventory Management: Accurate forecasts aid in effective e-commerce inventory control.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Support Vector Regression, Particle Swarm Optimization, Sales Forecasting, E-commerce, Inventory Management</p> Fitrah Cornellya Angela Tedjo Sukmono Copyright (c) 2024 Fitrah Cornellya Angela, Tedjo Sukmono 2024-04-20 2024-04-20 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1127 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1127 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1127 Global Impact of Musical Extracurriculars on Cultural Enrichment <p>This study explores how musical extracurricular activities at SD Muhammadiyah 1 Taman foster cultural appreciation and patriotism among elementary students in Indonesia. Using qualitative methods like observation, interviews, and document analysis, the research unveils effective collaboration between stakeholders, student enthusiasm, and character development. The findings underscore the importance of such activities in promoting cultural awareness and preserving local heritage, highlighting the need for continued support and integration in educational curricula.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Collaborative stakeholders ensure successful musical extracurricular implementation.</li> <li>Activities nurture tolerance, patriotism, and cultural appreciation among students.</li> <li>Integration into curricula vital for preserving and promoting local cultural heritage.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong> Musical extracurricular activities, Cultural appreciation, Elementary education, Stakeholder collaboration, Character development</p> Nurul Lailiyatus Solikha Tri Linggo Wati Copyright (c) 2024 Nurul Lailiyatus Solikha, Tri Linggo Wati 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1078 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1078 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1078 Evaluating Grade 5 Teacher Competence Provides Global Education Insights <p>This qualitative study examines the professional competence of Grade 5 teachers at SDN GELAM 1 Candi through interviews, observations, and documentation. The research aims to assess subject mastery, teaching structures, and ongoing professional development. Findings suggest teachers demonstrate competence but have room for improvement in aligning with defined indicators. Emphasizing continuous development, creative content delivery, and technology integration can enhance teaching practices and student learning outcomes.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li><strong>Teacher Competence Assessment:</strong> Evaluating subject mastery and teaching effectiveness.</li> <li><strong>Ongoing Professional Development:</strong> Emphasizing continuous improvement and training.</li> <li><strong>Technology in Teaching:</strong> Leveraging tech for enhanced educational practices.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong> Professional competence, Grade 5 teachers, Qualitative research, Educational development, Technology integration.</p> Siti Roudotul Ummah Akhtim Wahyuni Copyright (c) 2024 Akhtim Wahyuni, Siti Roudotul Ummah 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1080 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1080 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1080 E-Moticon's Effective Curriculum Revolutionizes Technical Education <p>This research focuses on developing an E-Moticon E-Module as a digital learning tool for classroom use in the field of basic computer network and telecommunications. Utilizing the ADDIE method, the study includes expert validation and student trials to assess the media's effectiveness. Results show an 84.31% approval rate from experts and an 82.14% acceptance rate from students, indicating high feasibility and positive reception. This E-Module addresses a knowledge gap in tailored technical learning resources and highlights the potential impact of digital media integration in enhancing classroom learning experiences. Further research is recommended to validate its broader applicability and effectiveness in larger-scale classroom settings.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li><strong>Tailored Technical Resource</strong>: E-Moticon fills gaps in technical learning for classrooms.</li> <li><strong>High Feasibility</strong>: Expert and student approval rates exceed 80%, validating effectiveness.</li> <li><strong>Structured Development</strong>: ADDIE method ensures systematic and effective media creation.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong> E-Moticon, E-Module, Digital Learning, Classroom Integration, ADDIE Method</p> Mohammad Afif Ramadhani Cindy Cahyaning Astuti Copyright (c) 2024 Mohammad Afif Ramadhani, Cindy Cahyaning Astuti 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1081 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1081 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1081 Interactive Media Revolutionizes Education, Boosting Global Student Engagement <p>This study focuses on developing desktop-based interactive learning media, "MISTAR," to address challenges such as student boredom and comprehension difficulties in computer lab settings. Using the ADDIE method, the research involved interviews with a network systems administration teacher, observations of X-grade TKJ students, and expert validation. Results showed high feasibility (88% media expert validation, 91% subject matter expert validation, and 90.8% average from limited-scale trials), indicating strong potential for improving engagement and understanding in educational environments. Further research is recommended to explore implementation and effectiveness in schools.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Improved Learning Experience: Interactive media development enhances student engagement effectively.</li> <li>Expert Validation: High feasibility validated by media and subject matter experts.</li> <li>Educational Impact: Interactive media improves understanding in computer lab environments.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong> Interactive Learning Media, ADDIE Method, Feasibility Evaluation, Engagement Improvement, Educational Research</p> Armanda Bayu Rangga Seto Fitria Nur Hasanah Copyright (c) 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1083 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1083 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1083 Fostering Global Success Empowering Young Learners in Online Education <p>This qualitative descriptive study explores the independent characteristics of second-grade students at Betro Elementary School (SDN Betro) within the context of online learning. Through interviews, observations, and documentation, the study investigates the self-reliance of students, the dynamics of parent-student interaction, and the daily habits cultivated by students in response to online education. Findings reveal a notable level of self-reliance among students, manifested in their ability to complete tasks autonomously and adhere to schedules. Positive communication and collaboration between parents and students are observed, fostering a conducive learning environment. The study underscores the importance of nurturing self-reliance in elementary students for successful online learning and provides valuable insights for educators and policymakers aiming to optimize remote education at the elementary level.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Student Autonomy<strong>:</strong> Second graders excel independently in navigating online learning environments.</li> <li>Parental Support<strong>:</strong> Positive parental engagement enhances children's online learning experience.</li> <li>Educational Impact: Fostering self-reliance in elementary students optimizes online education strategies.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Elementary Education, Self-Reliance, Online Learning, Parent-Student Interaction, Qualitative Research</p> Abdillah Valentina Aryanto Machful Indrakurniawan Copyright (c) 2024 Abdillah Valentina Aryanto, MACHFUL INDRAKURNIAWAN 2024-05-10 2024-05-10 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1088 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1088 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1088 Quantitative Insights on Enhancing Narrative Writing with Powtoon <p>This quantitative study investigates the impact of integrating Powtoon media into English language education to improve ninth-grade students' narrative text writing skills. The research, conducted in a single class at MTs Muhammadiyah 1 Taman, involved 26 students selected through purposive sampling. Pre-tests and post-tests were administered before and after using Powtoon, with findings indicating a significant enhancement in students' grammar, vocabulary, and narrative coherence. The study highlights Powtoon's potential as an engaging educational tool to address learning challenges and improve language learning outcomes, recommending further content development for future research and teaching practices.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Powtoon improves narrative writing.</li> <li>Quantitative study shows effectiveness.</li> <li>Emphasizes need for content expansion.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong> Powtoon media, narrative text writing, language education, ninth-grade students, quantitative study</p> Melinda Widyadana Dwi Pramesti Fika Megawati Copyright (c) 2024 Melinda Widyadana Dwi Pramesti, Fika Megawati 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1087 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1087 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1087 Unveiling Effective Student Communication Strategies for English Mastery <p>This research explores how communication strategies assist seventh-grade students in overcoming English-speaking challenges at SMP Muhammadiyah 9 Boarding School Tanggulangin, Sidoarjo, Indonesia. Using qualitative methods, including observation and semi-structured interviews, the study identifies various strategies employed by students, such as avoidance, paraphrase, borrowing, appeal for assistance, and mime, with language switch in borrowing being predominant. Findings indicate a positive impact of these strategies on students' ability to achieve communication goals. This study underscores the importance of optimizing communication strategies to enhance English proficiency and facilitate effective communication in language learning environments.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li><strong>Diverse Strategies Identified:</strong> Students use varied methods to tackle English-speaking difficulties.</li> <li><strong>Dominant Technique:</strong> Language switch in borrowing prevails among student strategies.</li> <li><strong>Effective Impact:</strong> Communication strategies positively enhance student English proficiency and communication success.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard: </strong>Communication Strategies, English Proficiency, Seventh-Grade Students, Qualitative Research, Language Learning.</p> Siti Nur Aqida Vidya Mandarani Copyright (c) 2024 Siti Nur Aqida , VIDYA MANDARANI 2024-05-10 2024-05-10 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1090 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1090 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1090 Finger Painting Revolutionizes Early Childhood Education by Boosting Fine Motor Skills <p>This classroom action research investigates the efficacy of finger painting activities in enhancing the fine motor skills of 5-6-year-old children at Ittihadul Ummah Ngoro Kindergarten. Conducted over two cycles with 20 students in Group B, the study employs observation, tests, interviews, and documentation for data collection. Results indicate a notable improvement in children's fine motor skills, with average achievements rising from 61% to 78% between Cycle I and Cycle II. The findings underscore the value of integrating sensory-rich, hands-on activities like finger painting into early childhood education to support holistic development and academic readiness.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Finger painting enhances fine motor skills.</li> <li>Integration of sensory-rich activities in early childhood education.</li> <li>Importance of holistic development for academic readiness.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard: </strong>Fine motor Skills, Finger Painting, Early Childhood Education, Sensory-rich Activities, Academic Readiness.</p> Mufarihun Nuril Husniah Luluk Iffatur Rocmah Copyright (c) 2024 Mufarihun Nuril Husniah, LULUK IFFATUR ROCMAH 2024-05-10 2024-05-10 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1093 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1093 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1093 Eighth-grade creativity reveals insights into understanding global warming, prompting interventions for enhancement <p>This quantitative study examines the creative abilities of eighth-grade students at SMP Muhammadiyah 10 Sidoarjo in addressing global warming issues. Conducted on June 21, 2023, with 43 participants, the research utilized a validated creative thinking skills test alongside literature reviews. Findings indicate varying levels of creativity among students, with the majority demonstrating high creativity overall but lower proficiency specifically concerning global warming topics, scoring at 35.47%. These results emphasize the importance of tailored interventions to enhance students' creative thinking skills, particularly in understanding complex scientific concepts like environmental sustainability, informing curriculum development and instructional strategies to foster creativity and environmental literacy.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Eighth-grade creativity varies, especially in global warming understanding.</li> <li>Interventions enhance student creativity in complex scientific concepts.</li> <li>Findings guide curriculum for fostering creativity and environmental literacy.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong> Creativity, Eighth-grade students, Global warming, Education, Curriculum development</p> Mokhammad Bashorudin Al-Amin Fitria Eka Wulandari Copyright (c) 2024 Mokhammad Bashorudin Al-Amin, Fitria Eka Wulandari 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1094 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1094 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1094 Collage Innovations Enhancing Preschool Fine Motor Skills Globally <p>This study aims to explore the efficacy of collage activities using paper clay media in enhancing fine motor skills among 4-5-year-old children at TK Aisyiyah 2 Porong. Employing a classroom action research (CAR) design, the study progresses through planning, implementation, observation, and reflection stages. Data collection involved observation, documentation, and interviews, analyzed descriptively and quantitatively. The research found that fine motor skills significantly improved, with an average achievement in Cycle I at 70% and Cycle II at 83%. Teacher activity scores also increased from 2.3 to 3.8 between cycles. Results indicate the success of collage activities using paper clay in enhancing fine motor skills. The study underscores the importance of demonstration and practice methods in facilitating children's understanding and proficiency in fine motor activities. The findings offer implications for educators and curriculum developers seeking to enhance fine motor skills in early childhood education through innovative, hands-on approaches.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Improved skills: Collage boosts fine motor skills in preschoolers effectively.</li> <li>Engaging methods: Demonstrations enhance understanding and engagement in motor activities.</li> <li>Innovative media: Paper clay fosters creativity and fine motor development effectively.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Motor Skills, Collage, Paper Clay, Preschool, Action Research</p> Sarah Adibah Luluk Iffatur Rocmah Copyright (c) 2024 Sarah Adibah, LULUK IFFATUR ROCMAH 2024-05-10 2024-05-10 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1095 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1095 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1095 Word Box Intervention Revolutionizes Early Literacy Potential in Education <div class="flex-1 overflow-hidden"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-icdmx-79elbk h-full"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-icdmx-1n7m0yu"> <div> <div class="flex flex-col text-sm pb-9"> <div class="w-full text-token-text-primary" dir="auto" data-testid="conversation-turn-5" data-scroll-anchor="true"> <div class="py-2 px-3 text-base md:px-4 m-auto md:px-5 lg:px-1 xl:px-5"> <div class="mx-auto flex flex-1 gap-3 text-base juice:gap-4 juice:md:gap-6 md:max-w-3xl lg:max-w-[40rem] xl:max-w-[48rem]"> <div class="relative flex w-full min-w-0 flex-col agent-turn"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] text-message flex flex-col items-start whitespace-pre-wrap break-words [.text-message+&amp;]:mt-5 juice:w-full juice:items-end overflow-x-auto gap-3" dir="auto" data-message-author-role="assistant" data-message-id="104d5ff5-6536-4ee1-b754-e1e62a93cd13"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <p>his study investigates the efficacy of utilizing the "Word Box" media to enhance beginning reading skills among 5-6-year-old children in a preschool setting. Through a classroom action research (PTK) approach involving 12 participants, the study demonstrates a significant improvement in beginning reading proficiency from 17% in the pre-cycle to 83% in cycle II. The findings underscore the effectiveness of the intervention in improving early literacy skills and highlight its implications for teacher pedagogy and classroom management in preschool education.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-1 flex gap-3 empty:hidden juice:-ml-3"> <div class="-ml-1 mt-0 flex h-7 items-center justify-center gap-[2px] self-end text-gray-400 lg:justify-start lg:self-center visible">&nbsp;</div> <div class="-ml-1 mt-0 flex h-7 items-center justify-center gap-[2px] self-end text-gray-400 lg:justify-start lg:self-center visible"><strong><strong>Highlight:</strong></strong> <ol> <li>Notable improvement: "Word Box" enhances beginning reading in preschoolers.</li> <li>Effective method: Innovative teaching fosters early literacy development.</li> <li>Pedagogical impact: Improves teacher skills and classroom management in preschool education.</li> </ol> </div> <div class="-ml-1 mt-0 flex h-7 items-center justify-center gap-[2px] self-end text-gray-400 lg:justify-start lg:self-center visible">&nbsp;</div> <div class="-ml-1 mt-0 flex h-7 items-center justify-center gap-[2px] self-end text-gray-400 lg:justify-start lg:self-center visible"><strong>Keyword:</strong> Beginning reading, Preschool education, Classroom action research, Word Box media, Literacy development</div> </div> <div class="pr-2 lg:pr-0">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div class="absolute"> <div class="flex w-full gap-2 items-center justify-center">&nbsp;</div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="w-full md:pt-0 dark:border-white/20 md:border-transparent md:dark:border-transparent md:w-[calc(100%-.5rem)] juice:w-full"> <div class="px-3 text-base md:px-4 m-auto md:px-5 lg:px-1 xl:px-5"> <div class="mx-auto flex flex-1 gap-3 text-base juice:gap-4 juice:md:gap-6 md:max-w-3xl lg:max-w-[40rem] xl:max-w-[48rem]"><form class="w-full"> <div class="relative flex h-full max-w-full flex-1 flex-col"> <div class="absolute bottom-full left-0 right-0">&nbsp;</div> <div class="flex w-full items-center">&nbsp;</div> <div class="flex w-full items-center">&nbsp;</div> <div class="flex w-full items-center">&nbsp;</div> </div> </form></div> </div> </div> Mafrukhatun Nikmah Evie Destiana Copyright (c) 2024 Mafrukhatun Nikmah, Evie Destiana 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1096 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1096 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1096 MUDIG transforms global vocational education by enhancing engagement <p>This research introduces MUDIG (Mobile Understanding Digital Graphic) learning media, designed to enhance class X students' comprehension of Graphic Design at Diponegoro Vocational School, Sidoarjo. Utilizing the Research and Development (R&amp;D) methodology with the Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation (ADDIE) model, the study aimed to address the lack of engaging learning materials in vocational education. Results from a small-scale trial showed positive student responses, with an average assessment of 86.6%, alongside high suitability ratings from expert validation. Student feedback emphasized increased interest, motivation, and understanding of the subject matter. These findings underscore the potential of innovative media like MUDIG to improve teaching and learning outcomes in vocational education, suggesting avenues for further exploration and implementation in broader classroom contexts.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight</strong>:</p> <ol> <li>MUDIG enhances Graphic Design learning in vocational education.</li> <li>Students respond positively, showing increased interest and comprehension.</li> <li>R&amp;D methodology, ADDIE model ensure structured development and evaluation.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong> MUDIG, Graphic Design, Vocational Education, R&amp;D Methodology, ADDIE Model</p> Amaydhi Olvyya Fitria Nur Hasanah Copyright (c) 2024 Amaydhi Olvyya, Fitria Nur Hasanah 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1097 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1097 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1097 Diving into Math Success for Discipline and Interest Propel Sixth-Graders <div class="flex-1 overflow-hidden"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-urczh-79elbk h-full"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-urczh-1n7m0yu"> <div> <div class="flex flex-col text-sm pb-9"> <div class="w-full text-token-text-primary" dir="auto" data-testid="conversation-turn-5" data-scroll-anchor="true"> <div class="py-2 px-3 text-base md:px-4 m-auto md:px-5 lg:px-1 xl:px-5"> <div class="mx-auto flex flex-1 gap-3 text-base juice:gap-4 juice:md:gap-6 md:max-w-3xl lg:max-w-[40rem] xl:max-w-[48rem]"> <div class="relative flex w-full min-w-0 flex-col agent-turn"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] text-message flex flex-col items-start whitespace-pre-wrap break-words [.text-message+&amp;]:mt-5 juice:w-full juice:items-end overflow-x-auto gap-3" dir="auto" data-message-author-role="assistant" data-message-id="7bd1d5f6-6ad7-4359-b65a-35fe2e2eeaa1"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <p>This study examines the relationship between learning discipline, interest in learning, and Mathematics learning outcomes among sixth-grade students at SDN Bulang, using a quantitative correlational approach. Data collected from 35 students through questionnaires and report card assessments were analyzed using SPSS v25. Results indicate a significant correlation between learning discipline, interest in learning, and Mathematics learning outcomes, with correlation coefficients of 0.747 (p=0.003) and 0.909 (p=0.001), respectively. These findings highlight the importance of cultivating both learning discipline and interest in learning to improve Mathematics performance among sixth-grade students, suggesting implications for educational practice and policy.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-1 flex gap-3 empty:hidden juice:-ml-3"> <div class="-ml-1 mt-0 flex h-7 items-center justify-center gap-[2px] self-end text-gray-400 lg:justify-start lg:self-center visible">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div class="pr-2 lg:pr-0"><strong><strong>Highlight:</strong></strong> <ol> <li>Correlation: Learning discipline, interest impact Mathematics outcomes.</li> <li>Quantitative study: 35 sixth graders' data analyzed using SPSS.</li> <li>Emphasizes fostering discipline, interest to enhance Mathematics performance.</li> </ol> </div> <div class="pr-2 lg:pr-0">&nbsp;</div> <div class="pr-2 lg:pr-0"><strong>Keyword:</strong> Learning discipline, Interest in learning, Mathematics learning outcomes, Sixth-grade students, Quantitative correlational study</div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Desi Arisandi Mahardika Darmawan Kusuma Wardana Copyright (c) 2024 Desi Arisandi, Mahardika Darmawan Kusuma Wardana 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1098 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1098 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1098 Mosaic Mastery Elevates Global Early Childhood Motor Skills <p>This class action research investigates the efficacy of mosaic activities with loose parts materials in enhancing fine motor skills among 5-6-year-old children at TK Dharma Wanita Persatuan Anggaswangi. Utilizing observation, interviews, and documentation, the study conducted three cycles of research, observing a significant improvement from 52.8% to 82.4% in children's fine motor skills. These findings highlight the effectiveness of incorporating mosaic activities with loose parts materials in early childhood education, offering insights for educators and curriculum developers aiming to enrich motor skills development in young learners.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Novel Method: Enhancing fine motor skills through engaging mosaic activities.</li> <li>Substantial Growth: Children exhibit significant improvement in fine motor skills.</li> <li>Educational Relevance: Insights for integrating effective motor skill activities in curricula.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard:&nbsp;</strong>Fine Motor Skills, Mosaic Activities, Loose Parts Materials, Early Childhood Education, Class Action Research.</p> Isna Syaiyada Al Aliya Luluk Iffatur Rocmah Copyright (c) 2024 Isna Syaiyada Al Aliya, LULUK IFFATUR ROCMAH 2024-05-11 2024-05-11 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1100 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1100 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1100 The Power of Peers Unleashed in Motivating Elementary Learning Around the World <p>This study examines the role of peers and their impact on the learning motivation of fifth-grade students at Sidokare 1 Public Elementary School. Utilizing a descriptive qualitative approach, data was collected through interviews and documentation from both students and teachers. Findings indicate that peers significantly contribute to motivating learning by providing encouragement, studying together, and acting as problem-solving companions. The positive impact of peers on learning motivation underscores their importance as benchmarks and motivators for academic achievement. Understanding peer dynamics in elementary education is crucial for fostering supportive learning environments and enhancing student engagement. Further research focusing on peer influence among adolescents can provide additional insights into developmental aspects of peer interactions and their effects on learning motivation.<br><br><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <div class="flex-1 overflow-hidden"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-yvine-79elbk h-full"> <div class="react-scroll-to-bottom--css-yvine-1n7m0yu"> <div> <div class="flex flex-col text-sm pb-9"> <div class="w-full text-token-text-primary" dir="auto" data-testid="conversation-turn-17" data-scroll-anchor="true"> <div class="py-2 px-3 text-base md:px-4 m-auto md:px-5 lg:px-1 xl:px-5"> <div class="mx-auto flex flex-1 gap-3 text-base juice:gap-4 juice:md:gap-6 md:max-w-3xl lg:max-w-[40rem] xl:max-w-[48rem]"> <div class="relative flex w-full min-w-0 flex-col agent-turn"> <div class="flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] text-message flex flex-col items-start whitespace-pre-wrap break-words [.text-message+&amp;]:mt-5 juice:w-full juice:items-end overflow-x-auto gap-3" dir="auto" data-message-author-role="assistant" data-message-id="d8058557-549c-4d65-9b7a-184b7db9c882"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <ol> <li> <p><strong>Peer Encouragement:</strong> Crucial for motivating learning and academic achievement.</p> </li> <li> <p><strong>Enhancing Student Engagement:</strong> Understanding peer dynamics fosters supportive learning environments.</p> </li> <li> <p><strong>Research Method Importance:</strong> Descriptive qualitative approach explores peer interactions' impact effectively.</p> </li> </ol> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong> Peer influence, Learning motivation, Elementary education, Descriptive qualitative research, Academic achievement.</p> Nadiya Fitri Ruli Astuti Copyright (c) 2024 Nadiya Fitri, Ruli Astuti 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1099 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1099 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1099 Evaluating OPEN-MURDER Scenario Impact on Vocational Education <p>This study investigates the impact of the OPEN-MURDER scenario on the learning outcomes of 36 Software Engineering program students in Vocational Schools (SMK). Utilizing a quasi-experimental design, pretest-posttest assessments were conducted to measure learning outcomes before and after implementing OPEN-MURDER, focusing on mood, understanding, recall, digest, expand, and review. Results show a significant improvement, with pretest scores averaging 71.72 and posttest scores 89.53 (p &lt; 0.05). The findings underscore OPEN-MURDER's positive influence on SMK students' learning outcomes, suggesting its potential as an effective teaching model to enhance motivation, problem-solving skills, and classroom engagement. Future research could explore comparative analyses with control groups and encourage educators to adopt OPEN-MURDER for innovative teaching practices.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li><strong>OPEN-MURDER Evaluation:</strong> Assesses impact on vocational students' learning outcomes.</li> <li><strong>Experimental Design:</strong> Utilizes pretest-posttest method to measure effectiveness.</li> <li><strong>Positive Influence:</strong> Shows significant improvement in student learning outcomes post-implementation.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard: </strong>Open-Murder Scenario, Learning Outcomes, Vocational Schools, Quasi-Experimental Design, Teaching Model.</p> Nahdia Putri Permadani Rahmania Sri Untari Copyright (c) 2024 Nahdia Putri Permadani, RAHMANIA SRI UNTARI 2024-05-11 2024-05-11 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1101 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1101 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1101 Enhancing Student Collaboration in Science Education Through Outdoor Learning Transformation <p>This study explores the efficacy of implementing outdoor learning to enhance student collaboration in fourth-grade science education at SD Muhammadiyah 1 Candi Sidoarjo, addressing a gap in research regarding its application in primary school science education. Using a descriptive qualitative approach with observation, interviews, and documentation, data analysis followed the Miles and Huberman model. Results indicate successful implementation of outdoor learning, fostering collaboration among students, particularly in accepting responsibility, assisting peers, and respecting opinions. Variations in collaboration effectiveness were noted between student groups. Findings suggest that carefully planned outdoor learning activities can create an engaging learning environment, improving student collaboration and overall learning outcomes in primary school science education.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight</strong>:&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>Outdoor learning in primary science: Enhancing student collaboration and engagement.</li> <li>Qualitative approach: Investigating student perspectives on outdoor education.</li> <li>Effective peer interactions: Fostering teamwork in outdoor learning environments.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keyword</strong>: Outdoor learning, Student collaboration, Primary school, Science education, Qualitative research</p> Mil’Al Khoirot Enik Setiyawati Copyright (c) 2024 Mil’Al Khoirot, Enik Setiyawati 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1102 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1102 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1102 Folding Fun Boosts Early Childhood Fine Motor Skills Globally <p>This study investigates the efficacy of folding activities to enhance fine motor skills in Group A children at RA An Nur Kedung Jumputrejo Sukodono Sidoarjo, utilizing Classroom Action Research (CAR) with the Kemmis and McTaggart models. Fourteen children (9 boys, 5 girls) participated in Pre Cycle, Cycle 1, and Cycle 2 interventions, with data collected via observation, documentation, and interviews. Results show a remarkable improvement from a baseline fine motor skill percentage of 35% in Pre Cycle to 95% in Cycle 2, surpassing the 75% success indicator. These findings underscore the effectiveness of folding activities in early childhood education and provide valuable insights for educators aiming to enhance motor skill development in young learners.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Highlight:&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>Improved fine motor skills through folding activities.</li> <li>Utilization of Classroom Action Research for systematic intervention.</li> <li>Valuable insights for educators enhancing motor skills in young learners.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keyword:&nbsp; Fine motor skills, Folding activities, Classroom Action Research, Early childhood education, Motor skill development</p> Hanifa Prisma Oktavia Evie Destiana Copyright (c) 2024 Hanifa Prisma Oktavia, Evie Destiana 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1104 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1104 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1104 Vowel Recognition Revolutionizes Early Childhood Education Globally <p>This study addresses the challenge of vowel recognition among 3-4-year-old children, focusing on vowels like “e,” “u,” and “o.” Using a Classroom Action Research (CAR) approach, twelve children at KB Aisyiyah 17 Jasem participated in pre-cycle, cycle I, and cycle II interventions. The results showed a significant improvement from a 33.3% recognition rate in the pre-cycle to 95.3% in cycle II, indicating the effectiveness of using ball letter media. This research highlights the importance of tailored teaching methods in enhancing early childhood learning outcomes, particularly in improving vowel recognition skills.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Tailored CAR approach boosts vowel recognition in early education.</li> <li>Effective ball letter media enhances learning outcomes in young children.</li> <li>Notable 62% increase shows success in improving vowel recognition skills.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong> Vowel recognition, Early childhood education, Classroom Action Research, Ball letter media, Learning outcomes</p> Dina Candra Eka SetiaWati Luluk Iffatur Rocmah Copyright (c) 2024 Luluk Iffatur Rocmah, Dina Candra Eka SetiaWati 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1107 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1107 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1107 Montage Mastery Revolutionizes Global Children's Motor Skills <p>This study examines the effectiveness of Pictorial Montage activities in enhancing fine motor skills among 5-6-year-old children in group B. Conducted through Classroom Action Research (CAR) with iterative cycles, the research involved 11 students from TK Tunas Bangsa Sukodono. Data collection included observation, interviews, and documentation. Results showed a gradual increase from 47% in pre-cycle to 90.1% in cycle II, indicating success in improving fine motor skills. These findings underscore the importance of engaging methods like Pictorial Montage for effective motor skill development in early childhood education.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>Montage enhances motor skills in children.</li> <li>Iterative CAR method for skill assessment.</li> <li>Notable improvement in fine motor proficiency.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong>&nbsp; Fine motor skills, Pictorial Montage, Early childhood education, Classroom Action Research, Skill enhancement</p> Vira Aulia Fariska Choirun Nisak Aulina Copyright (c) 2024 Vira Aulia Fariska, Choirun Nisak Aulina 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1108 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1108 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1108 Revolutionizing Education with Interactive Tech Boosts Global Learning Outcomes <p>This study explores the impact of innovative technologies—such as computer programs, mobile applications, interactive textbooks, 3D modeling, and virtual experiences—on enhancing learning and teaching processes. The research adopts a mixed-methods approach to analyze how these tools affect students' mastery and engagement across various educational disciplines. Preliminary results indicate that these technologies significantly improve comprehension of complex subjects and increase student engagement, particularly highlighting the effectiveness of interactive textbooks and online platforms in ensuring timely course completion. The findings suggest that integrating these modern methods into educational curricula can greatly enhance learning efficiency and outcomes, recommending further exploration into long-term effects and optimal implementation strategies.</p> <p><strong>Highlights:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Technologies like 3D modeling boost understanding of complex concepts.</li> <li>Tools such as apps enhance student participation and interest.</li> <li>Modern tech improves course completion and learning outcomes.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Educational Technology, 3D Modeling, Interactive Learning, Digital Tools, Animations</p> Mamatisakov Jaxongirmirzo Copyright (c) 2024 Mamatisakov Jaxongirmirzo 2024-04-29 2024-04-29 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1129 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1129 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1129 Reviving Javanese Script through an Engaging Educational Game <p>This study introduces an educational game designed to teach the Javanese script to both children and adults. The game features three difficulty levels and aims to enhance intellect and creativity while keeping players engaged. The development process included system requirements analysis, design, implementation, and testing. Results show the game effectively teaches correct reading and spelling of Javanese characters and is easy to use for all ages. This application combines education and entertainment, making it a valuable tool for cultural learning and intellectual growth.</p> <p><strong>Highlight:</strong></p> <ol> <li>The game is designed for all ages, including adults.</li> <li>It features three difficulty levels to enhance intellect and creativity.</li> <li>The development process ensures the game is user-friendly and educational.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Keywoard: </strong>Javanese script, educational game, intellect enhancement, creativity, cultural learning</p> Bagas Muzaky A’amin Ika Ratna Copyright (c) 2024 Bagas Muzaky A’amin, Ika Ratna 2024-04-21 2024-04-21 25 2 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1130 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1130 10.21070/ijins.v25i2.1130